Red, green, blue and violet make this curtain of beautiful colored light in Alaska a destination for viewing these spectacular colorful bands of auroral activity. The Northern Lights are best viewed above 60 degrees north latitude with Fairbanks at 65 degrees, it is within the 'aurora oval', the area where the Northern Lights occur most often and are brightest. Nome at 64 degrees and Anchorage at 61 degrees are also good for viewing the dancing colors. December to March when nights are longer and the sky clearer the lights are more intense with stunning color displays.
During late summer, salmon come from the oceans to spawn in rivers. Alaskan grizzly bears gorge themselves on the protein-rich salmon by wading into the rivers to catch them. The relationship between the salmon and grizzly bears is more complex than a simple predator-prey relationship, as the bears distribute nitrogen into the surrounding woodlands and forests.
Grizzly bears tend to live solitary lives and normally hibernate from late fall to early spring through the harsh Alaskan winter. They have a varied diet, living on grasses, berries, insects and roots as well as small mammals and carrion. To survive through hibernation they must put on a thick layer of fat or they will not pull through. Fishing for salmon in late summer is the best way for them to get the food they can store as fat.
The bears generally catch salmon from rocks where the fish have to jump to reach the next level of the stream. Cubs develop their fishing technique by watching their mother, and some bears are better fishers than others. Bears must eat about 25 fish a day to put on enough fat to survive the winter hibernation. When fish are plentiful they might just eat the head and brains and the roe, or fish eggs. When fish are scarce they will try to steal each other's catch.
In 1867 Secretary of State William H. Seward paid Russia 7.2 million dollars for a huge region derided as "Seward's Icebox." Today this land of overwhelming beauty, abundant resources, and few people is a battleground between conservationists and energy and mining interests. More than a third of the mineral-rich state is forested; a quarter is set aside as parks, refuges, and wilderness. Fisheries teem with salmon, halibut, and shellfish. Alaska natives, who number some 100,000, administer 13 regional corporations established under the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.Read More
Encounter majestic landscapes and diverse wildlife on an expedition into the heart of Alaska’s untouched wilderness. Experience the rugged beauty of Denali National Park on naturalist-led excursions, and search for moose, caribou, wolves, grizzly bears, and Dall sheep. Hike amid the soaring peaks of the Alaska Range and journey along the stunningly scenic Seward Highway. Take an adventure with a cruise on Prince William Sound, home to humpback whales and towering tidewater glaciers.Read More